排球專業術語對照表

運動大聯盟     2020年08月05日

一起來看看排球比賽中遇到的各種專業名詞英文怎麼說?

排球專業術語對照表

排 球 運 動

排球運動:volleyball

沙灘排球運動:beach volleyball

軟式排球運動:soft volleyball

人 員

排球運動員:volleyballer; volleyball player; spiker1號位隊員;後排右:player No. 1; right back

2號位隊員;前排右:player No. 2; right forward

3號位隊員;前排中:player No. 3; center forward

4號位隊員;前排左:player No. 4; left forward

5號位隊員;後排左:player No. 5; left back

6號位隊員;後排中:player No. 6; center back

前排隊員:front-row player; forward

後排隊員:back-row [backline; backcourt] player; back

攻擊[扣球]手:attacker; spiker; killer

主攻手:chief spiker

副攻手:second spiker

二傳手:setter;tosser

主二傳:chief [specialist] setter

接應二傳:second setter

進攻組織者:game maker

自由人:libero

排球專業術語對照表

第一[正]裁判員:(first)referee

第二[副]裁判員:second referee;umpire

司線員:line judge; linesman

規 則

局:game

休息暫停:time-out for rest

技術暫停:technical time-out

輪轉換位:rotation

輪轉順序:rotational order

同排隊員換位:lateral switch

持球:holding; catching; sticky; held ball

撈球:scooping

推球:shoving; pushing

帶球:carrying

舉球:lifting

連擊:double hit[touch]; dribbling

四次擊球:four hits

界內球:fair ball

出界:outside

壓線球:ball on line

觸手出界:touch out

觸網:touch net; net fault

不過網:not over the net

碰標誌杆:touch the rod

下[入]網:net in

過網擊球:over-[cross-]net hit

攔網犯規:blocking fault

越過中線:passing the center line

腳步犯規:foot fault

輪轉犯規:rotational fault

位置錯誤:positional fault; overlapping

換人違例:illegal substitution

雙方犯規:double foul

對方失誤送分:points from opponents' errors

個人警告:personal warning

比賽規則委員會:Rules of the Games Commission

排球專業術語對照表

發 球

發球:service;serve

發球隊員:server

關鍵時上場發球的隊員:pinch server

發球方:serving team [side]

發球次序:order of service; serving order

發球得分:ace; service point

發球失誤:service error

發球違例:service fault

換位(發球後):change of position; switching

拋球:toss

上手[網球式]發球:overhand [tennis] service

下手發球:underarm[underhand] service

側面發球:sidearm[side-hand]service

鉤手發球:hook service

砍式發球:chopping service

扣球式發球:smash[cannonball]service

掄臂[大力鉤手]發球:windmill [roundhouse] service

跳起發球:jump service

大力跳發:smashing jump service

擦網球:net ball

發高[頂棚]吊球:lobbing [ceiling; sky] service

發近網吊球:drop short service

發旋轉球:spinning service

發飄球;日本式發球:floater;floating [Japanese] service

發上手飄球:overhand floater

發下沉球:drop [sink] service

發保險球:safe service

發怪球:freak service

發球時遮擋對方視線:screening

破壞對方一傳:break [upset] the opponents' first pass

接 球

接球:receive;reception

接發球:receive a service; service reception [return]

接發球隊員:receiver

接發球一方:receiving side

接發球陣形:receiving[service reception] formation

6人接發球陣式:six-man[-person]service reception

W接發球陣形:W[W+1;1-3-2]service reception

關鍵時上場接球的隊員:pinch receiver

墊球:dig; forearm [under; underhand]pass

小臂墊球:forearm digging

過網的高球:free ball

夠得著:within reach

夠不著:out of reach

接球失誤:receive miss

接球不穩的:butter-[glue-]fingered

救球:retrieve;recover; save

排球專業術語對照表

滾動救球:rolling dig

側滾動:side roll

日本式滾動:Japanese roll

魚躍:fish dive[jump]

向前魚躍:forward dive

撲救;魚躍救球:diving retrieve; recovery dive

救起球:pick up

救入網球:recover a net ball

傳 球

傳球:pass

單手傳球:single-hand pass

雙手墊球:two-hand dig

上手傳球:overarm[overhand]pass

肩下傳球:dig pass

倒地傳球:fall down pass

高傳;high pass; lob

跑動傳球:running pass

一傳:first pass

一傳隊員:first passer

一傳不到位:poor [misplaced] first pass

調整球:adjust a poor pass

二傳;托球:set(up);toss; second [set] pass

正面二傳:forward set

背傳:back set[pass]

側傳:side pass; sideway volley

跳起二傳:jump set

晃傳:feint set

上手二傳:overarm set

單手二傳:single-hand set

低二傳:low set

高二傳:high set

平傳:parallel [shoot] set

平拉開:flat [wide] set; open toss

傳近網球:close set

傳遠網球:deep set

傳球過頭:overpass

二傳太遠:overcast a setup

第三傳(直接推過網):third pass

中一二陣形:setter-in-forward-center formation; W formation

邊一二陣形:setter-in-forward-wing formation

三三配備:3-3[three-setter]system;system of pairs

雙二傳制:two-setter system

五一配備:5-1 [one-setter] system

後排跟進[插上]:penetration

後排中跟進:center-back penetration

後排兩邊跟進:back-wing penetration

進 攻

進攻:attack; spike

進攻路線:attacking route

攻擊點:attack point

攻擊性擊球:attacking shot

空中動作:action in the air

手腕動作:wrist action[work]

甩腕:snap of wrist

用拳擊球:fist the ball

用手掌擊球:bat the ball

快攻:fast [quick; full-speed; wild-cat spring] attack

半快球:semi-quick

近體快球;A快球;quick spike from close set; quick-A

短平快;B快球:quick spike from short set;quick-B

短平快掩護扣球:screened quick spike from short set; double B

背快球;C快球:quick spike from back set; quick-C

背溜;D快球:quick spike from back short set; quick-D

雙快一遊動:double quick and rove

排球專業術語對照表

扣殺:spike;smash;kill

大力扣殺:hard [powerful; powerhouse] smash; hard-driven spike

直臂扣球:straight-arm attack

屈臂扣球:bent-arm spike

掄臂扣球:windmill spike

網球式扣球:tennis smash

鉤手扣球:hook smash

高點扣球:high spike

超手扣球:spike over the block

高舉高打:high spike from high set

助跑起跳扣球:running jump spike

從攔網手的空隙扣球:spike through the block

打攔網手扣球:spike on[against]the block

打手出界:spike off the block

避開攔網的扣球:clear-the-block spike; spike past the block

拉開扣球:open spike

排球專業術語對照表

直線扣球:straight spike

斜線扣球:cross[crosscourt; diagonal; oblique] spike

小斜線扣球:sharp-angled [inner] spike

邊線扣球:wing smash

近網扣球:close (-to-the-net) spike

遠網扣球:distance attack;far-from-the-net spike

強攻型排球:power volleyball

一攻:first(-round)attack

探頭球;一次扣殺:direct kill;first-touch attack

二次進攻(一傳後直接扣球):one-pass[one-two]attack; two-count spike

突破攔網:pierce the block

遊動[掩護]進攻:wave[screened]attack

迷惑對方的打法:trick play

晃跳:feint [trick] jump

時間差:delayed [second-jump]attack; attack after a feint jump;

位置差:alternate position spike; spike after an extra step

戰術球:tactical ball

吊球:drop shot; dink

輕撥球:tip

抹球:wipe for kill

輕扣:soft spike; dump; off-speed attack

打吊結合:smashes combined with drop shots

立體進攻:space [multidimensional] attack

交叉進攻:switch[alternation]attack

前交叉進攻:front switch attack

後交叉進攻:rear[back] switch attack

梯次進攻:tandem attack

後排進攻:back-row[-line]attack

夾塞進攻:wedge-in attack; insert play

前飛:forward flight; front flyaway

背飛:back flight; rear flyaway

背圍繞:roving attack

扣球出界:spike out

扣球不過網:spike into the net

扣球成功率:spike average

扣球練習:knock drill

扣傳練習:knock-toss drill

一對一練習:one versus one game

雙人傳球練習:partner work

攔 網

攔[封]網:block; stop; close up

攔網隊員:blocker; stopper

攔網陣形:blocking pattern

單人攔網:one-man block

雙人攔網:two-man[double; two-person] block

三人攔網:three-man block

多人攔網:multiple block

人釘人攔網:man-to-man[person-to-person] block

中間攔網者:middle blocker

兩側攔網者:end blocker

區域攔網:zonal block

蓋帽攔網:cap

邊線攔網:wing block

攻擊性攔網:offensive block

攔網保護:cover behind the block

攔網的空隙:gap in the block

排球專業術語對照表

變換手型攔網:change-hand-position block

反彈球(從攔網手彈回):rebound ball

攔網成功:shut out; successful block

攔網得分:block [stop] point

攔網出界:block out

「臥果」(攔網未成下網):block into the net

防 守

原地防守:stationary [static] defense

有防守的區域:covered area

半月形防守:half-moon defense

心[中]跟進防守:center-cover [No. 6 cover] defense

邊跟進防守:side-cover defense

馬蹄形防守:hoof-[U-]shaped defense

後壓防守:deep defense

補位:cover; seam protection

補位隊員:seam protector

保護:cover; back up

保護隊員:covering player

保護場角:cover an angle

2-1-3攔網保護陣形:2-1-3 cover system

2-0-4攔網保護陣形:2-0-4 cover system

6號位隊員攔網保護陣形:No. 6 cover system

場 地 與 設 備

排球場:volleyball court

本區:own court

對方場區:opponents' court

前場區:front[attack]area

後場區:back area

後區兩角:back corners

限制線:attack line

發球區:service area[box]

無障礙區域:clear[unobstructed]area

無障礙空間:clear space

網繩:net cord[cable]

網底繩:under rope

球網上沿帆布帶;upper net band

標誌帶:vertical[side]band

標誌杆:antenna;vertical rod;net aerial

更多運動相關知識,請多多關注粉絲團「運動大聯盟」

秋季露營攻略大全

運動大聯盟     2020年09月17日